Gingivitis is common but symptoms are mild or absent, keeping most victims unaware.
Untreated gingivitis can worsen to gum disease, causing loss of teeth and supporting bone.
Learn to treat, remedy and cure gingivitis here.
Causes of Gingivitis
Plaque & trauma
Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums (Latin: gingivae), and inflammation is simply the body's immune response to an attack.
The main cause of gingivitis is bacteria in plaque, which constantly forms in our mouths. Another cause is trauma, which takes many forms: poorly fitting braces, dentures, bridges, fillings, or rough brushing and flossing.
Some 50% of Americans have gingivitis and 90% have had it, but fortunately it is easy to prevent and cure.
Symptoms of gingivitis appear in the gums themselves: swollen, shiny, or red; sensitive to touch; prone to bleeding.
In contrast, healthy gums are pink and firm.
The difference is illustrated here, between inflammed gums before a dental cleaning, and gingivitis-free gums after.